Coffee Trade in Ethiopia
Coffee has been a commodity here since before 1500. However, frequent
external invasions and internal conflicts have had a negative impact on
the country's coffee export history.Coffee export from Harar and Gerri
goes back earlier than 1810. In 1838, an export of 100 quintals of Enarea-coffee
(now Limu-Seka, Jimma) via Massawa was recorded.
In the 19th century, two coffee types "specialty coffees" were exported as
first and second grade of Harari Mocha coffee to London, Marseilles, New
York and Trieste.
For centuries, coffee and other goods were transported by caravans of
mules, camels and donkeys to the outside world. Today Ethiopia produces
some 250,000 tons of coffee of which more than 100,000 tons or 5% of the
world trade is exported.